Minors and Concentrations


Global Portfolio


Architectural History / Theory Minor
Biodiversity Minor
Business for Non-Business Majors
Communication Minor
Custom Minor
Environmental Sustainability Minor
Fashion Industry Management Minor
Genetics Minor
Graphic Design Minor for Non-Design Majors
Graphic Design Minor for Majors Other than Graphic,  
but Not Including Animation and Interactive Design
Graphic Design Minor for Animation and
Interactive Design and Media Majors
Historical Preservation Minor
Landscape Design Minor 
Landscape Planning Minor
Law and Society Minor
Multimedia and Visualization Minor
Photography Minor 
Visual Studies
Pre-M.B.A. Minor for Non-Business Majors
Psychology Minor
Public Health Minor
Social Sciences Minor
Textile Materials Technology Minor


Architectural Design Technology Concentration
Pre-Occupational Therapy Concentration
Historical Preservation Concentration


A minor is a set of courses that provides supplemental study in a particular subject area. A student may choose a minor with the assistance of an academic advisor upon completion of 60 semester hours. Options for minors are determined by the academic program and consist of a minimum of twelve credits in the subject area. Guidelines and descriptions for available minors are below.

Guidelines for minors: 

  • A student may not combine a major and minor in the same or similar functional area (e.g., Finance major and Finance minor; Management major and Human Resource Management minor).
  • A student may not use the same course for credit in both the major and minor areas. Any substitute elective from within the discipline must be approved. Please see appropriate form available at University Registrar’s website:
  • A student may only use the same course for credit in the free elective and minor areas if his/her major does not require a minor. If a student’s major requires a minor, that student cannot use the same course for the free elective and minor areas.
  • Certain courses in the minor may have prerequisite courses that need to be completed.


A concentration allows for an in-depth exploration of a focused area within the scope of the student’s major discipline. A specialization allows for a thematic grouping of courses within the scope of the student’s major discipline. Concentrations and specializations are available for study by majors within the appropriate area only. Options for concentrations/specializations are specified by the academic program. Similarly, the number of credits required to complete the concentration/specialization and the sequence and selection of required and elective courses are determined by the program.
Students in programs that support minors or concentrations or specializations should first meet with their academic advisor to discuss the options for minors or concentrations or specializations. Please see the form available online at University Registrar’s website:

Global Portfolio

Portfolio is a curricular module made up of 5 courses and 2 seminars (total of 17 credits) focused on a topic that allows students to extend their study in an area complementary to their major. It builds on existing requirements and provides students the knowledge and skills needed to address opportunities and challenges in their professions.


Global Portfolio

17 credits 


The Global Portfolio is an academic experience consisting of courses and activities that provide students the knowledge and skills needed to embrace global opportunities and challenges in their profession.

Learning Outcomes

Students who successfully complete the Global Portfolio will be able to:

  1. Identify and define major/influential global issues and trends
  2. Comprehend the impact of global events on their lives and careers
  3. Apply global knowledge for personal intellectual growth
  4. Apply global knowledge for problem solving in their profession
  5. Analyze and evaluate the different perspectives that exist on global events
  6. Create an original work that combines elements of their global knowledge
  7. Participate as informed individuals in a multi-cultural, multi-lingual environment
  8. Develop and display an appreciation and sensitivity toward foreign cultures

Portfolio Description & Requirements

Students of any major, including transfer students, may choose to take the Global Portfolio. Students may enroll in the Global Portfolio either in the spring of their freshman year or fall of their sophomore year. Enrolled students complete a set of 5 self-selected courses from an approved list of globally-oriented courses (please see below). The Global Portfolio requires 17 credits for successful completion, 12 of which can be applied from courses already taken for the major and Hallmarks Core requirements. The remaining 5 credits must be uniquely earned and includes two 1-credit Integrative Seminars and a 3-credit course. For more information, contact Professor Raju Parakkal at

Required courses:

GLOB-101  Integrative Seminar for the Global Portfolio Part I
GLOB-XXX Integrative Seminar for the Global Portfolio Part 2

Students select five courses from the following approved courses. Four of the five courses may also satisfy requirements in the major or Hallmarks Core. One course of the five courses needs to be unique to the Global Portfolio. 


The Built Environment


Renaissance/Baroque Architecture and Interiors


Great Buildings: Structure, Style and Context


Ecology and Making


Itineraries of European Contemporary Architecture


Vernacular Architecture


Theories of Architecture Seminar


Water and Architecture

AREAST-201,202, 205,208,210,220,226,227

Area Studies Courses


History of Textiles and Costumes


Opportunity Finding in Emerging Markets


Japanese Craft Production Short Course


Environmental Issues


Experimental Field Ecology


International Economics


Survey of Global Products


Global Product Management


Apparel/Textile Sourcing


International Finance


World Philosophies


Exploring World Literature


Language Courses


Human Rights


History of Landscape Architecture I


Comparative Legal Systems


International Law


Logistics in East Asia


International Management


Apparel/Textile Supply Chain Mgmt.


International Marketing


Class, Gender, & Race in World Societies


Personality and World Culture


Individual & The Global Environment


Power & Poverty in the Global Economy


Global Politics


Environment & Global culture


Energy System and Politics


Global Environmental History


Sustainability and Development in the non-Western World


Environmental Policy


European Textile Printing

Architectural History/Theory Minor

12 credits

This minor offers students the opportunity to study art/architectural history and theory beyond the introductory level. The courses listed provide in-depth knowledge and analysis of historical periods and theoretical issues relative to the meaning and practice of architecture and related disciplines.

Required course: ARCH-422 Theories of Architecture Seminar

Any three of the following:

ARCH-320, ARCH-341, ARCH-371, ARCH-409, ARCH-410, ARCH-425, ARCH-434

Architecture and Interior Design students may choose one of the following:

LARCH-307 or LARCH-411

Biodiversity Minor

12-16 credits

This minor provides students with a broad overview of the status of the world’s ecosystems and how decisions made by individuals, governments and businesses impact the environmental health of our planet both positively and negatively. Students can also opt to take a number of these courses abroad through the School for Field Studies articulation agreement.

Students choose either three or four courses from the following:

BIOL-205, BIOL-209, BIOL-310, BIOL-371, BIOL-391, BIO-392, CHEM-323, CHEM-417, ECBIO-101, ECBIO-201, ECBIO-207, ECBIO-208, ECBIO-301, HSCI 303, ECBIO-305, ECBIO-316, ECBIO-318, ECBIO-319, ECBIO-409, ECBIO-415, PSYCH-240, SCI-381, SCI-382, SCI-493, STAT-301, STUAB-300.

General Business Minor for Non-Business Majors

12-13 credits

This minor is specifically designed for the non-business major. It will provide students with marketable business skills that are useful to any professional person.

Required (9 credit hours)


Financial Accounting



Marketing Foundations and/

Management Foundations


Financial Management

Choose additional courses (total 12 credit hours)


Business Law I


International Economics


Principles of Economics (4 credits)

Communication Minor

12 credits

A Professional Communication minor will enhance students’ capacity to think critically and communicate effectively. The minor offers practical, professional experience and hands-on projects. With a minor in professional communication, for example, you will be equipped to write and edit copy, design and publish a brochure and give an effective presentation on your work. These skills are in high demand among today’s employers.

Required (6 credit hours)


Introduction to Communications


Design as Communication

Additional Courses

Suggested Combination 1:

This combination might work well for someone majoring in design or a business major in finance or FIM. It is recommended for students interested in careers that focus on writing and creating documents such as brochures, proposals or instruction manuals.

COMM-200 Reading the Visual
COMM-303 Technical Writing

Suggested Combination 2:

This combination might work well for someone majoring in marketing. It is suggested for students who are interested in careers that focus on speaking and presentation skills.

COMM-204 Technologies of Communication
COMM-305 Multimedia Presentations

Create Your Own Combination:

Choose 2 of the following courses to complete the four-course requirement

COMM-200 Reading the Visual
COMM-204 Technologies of Communication
COMM-303 Technical Writing
COMM-305 Multimedia Presentations
COMM-307 Public Relations and Media Writing

Custom Minor

12 credits

A custom minor is a thematic grouping of four courses from any of the Colleges and is appropriate only for courses that are currently delivered at Philadelphia University, i.e. existing faculty & facilities within the University must support the topic of the custom minor. At least 6 credits toward the custom minor must be completed in residence, and the courses utilized for the custom minor, whether in-residence or transfer, must currently exist in the University catalog. A maximum of 3 credits may be delivered as Independent Study or Course-by-Appointment.
The student must have approval to design a custom minor. The “Declaring a Custom Minor” form contains complete details and is available online from the Learning and Advising Center website

If a minor is required by the student’s major, the Program Director reserves the right to identify the topic or individual courses that may not be part of a custom minor, i.e. the proposed custom minor must meet learning outcomes specified for minors within that program. 

Custom Specialization

9 credits

A custom specialization is a thematic grouping of three business or related courses; these courses need not exist within the University. Custom specialization must be declared at the time of transfer student’s admission or at the time of a degree change in order to ensure the harvesting of relevant courses. The custom specialization must be approved by SBA program director or associate dean. The custom specialization option is available exclusively to transfer students.

Environmental Sustainability Minor

12 credits

This minor introduces students to the practices, technologies and mindsets that allow human societies to live in balance with their surrounding environments over multiple generations. Students completing the minor must take four courses from the list below, with no more than two of them selected from the 100-level offerings.

Any four of the following:

SUST-100, SUST-120, SUST-121, SUST-200, SUST-202, SUST-204, SUST-300, SUST-302, SUST-303, SUST-421/LARCH-521, SUST-400, SUST-402, ECBIO-101, ECBIO-201, ECBIO-319

Fashion Industry Management Minor

12 credits

Students choosing a minor in Fashion Industry Management can look forward to employment in the textile and apparel sectors of the apparel and textile supply chain.


Survey of Global Products

TEXT-101 Survey of the Textile Industry

Any two of the following:




Apparel/Textile Sourcing


Apparel Fabric Performance

Genetics Minor

13-14 credits

The Genetics Minor will offer students a strong background in a science, which is an integral part of biological and health-focused fields. Completion of the minor will equip graduates with a skillset that will enhance their professional practice. Future practitioners will gain the ability to recognize “red flags” in a family history that may indicate a future illness or explain present symptoms. In the lab, personnel will have had hands-on experience with diagnostic and investigative tools used currently in research, clinical, and forensics fields worldwide. Prerequisite: minimum grade of “C-” (1.67) in Biology II and BIOL-104L Biology II Lab (BIOL-104/104L).


Principles of Genetics


Principles of Genetics Lab (corequisite with BIOL 207)


Medical Genetics


Developmental Genetics


Molecular Genetics


Genetics Seminar (required 4th course)

Students taking BIOL-207/207L as part of the major curriculum (i.e. Biology, Pre-Medical Studies, Physician Assistant Studies) will need to choose BIOL 302, BIOL 307, BIOL 401 and BIOL 402. Students who do not have a requirement to complete BIOL 207/207L as part of their major (i.e. Biochemistry, Biopsychology, Chemistry, Environmental and Conservation Biology, Health Science, Psychology) will need to complete BIOL 207/207L to satisfy prerequisite requirements for BIOL 402 (and BIOL 302 if this course is elected). 

Graphic Design Minor for Non-Design Majors

14 credits

Prerequisite: grade of “C” or better required in one of the following DSGNFND-203 or VSDES-101. 

GRAPH-201. Design III. (Required, 4 credits)

GRAPH-202. Design IV. (Required, 4 credits)

Plus choose any one course from Graphic Design Designated Electives to total 14 credit hours: 

GRAPH 305; GRAPH 310; GRAPH 320; GRAPH 341; GRAPH 408; GRAPH 409 (each 3 credits).

Graphic Design Minor (for Design Majors OTHER than Graphic, but NOT including Animation and Interactive Design and Media)

14 credits

Prerequisite: grade of “C” or better required in one of the following ADFND-102, INDD-102, DSGNFND-203 or VSDES-101

Plus at least one: DRAW-101., DRAW-102. 

GRAPH-201 Design III (required; 4 credits)

GRAPH-202 Design IV (required; 4 credits)

Plus choose any two courses from Graphic Design Designated Electives to total 14 credit hours: 

GRAPH 208; GRAPH 305; GRAPH 310; GRAPH 320; GRAPH 341; GRAPH 408; GRAPH 409 (each 3 credits).

Graphic Design Minor for Animation and Interactive Design and Media

12 credits

Prerequisite: grade of “C” or better required in one of the following DSGNFND-203 or VSDES-101. 

PLUS at least one: DRAW-101., DRAW-102.  

Further prerequisite: GRAPH-201 and GRAPH-202.

Choose any four courses from Graphic Design Designated Electives (3 credits each) to total 12 credit hours:
GRAPH 208; GRAPH 305; GRAPH 310; GRAPH 320; GRAPH 341; GRAPH 408; GRAPH 409 (each 3 credits).

Historical Preservation Minor

12 credits

This minor provides a foundation in the field of historic preservation. The required courses cover the history of the movement in the U.S., contemporary practice and field work, economic consequences, sustainability issues, and building conservation. Elective courses broaden the student’s experience and include: methods of archival research, standards for documentation, and American architectural traditions, as well as design considerations in the adaptive reuse of historical structures.

ARCST-221 Introduction to Historic Preservation

ARCST-266 Preservation Technology I: Traditional Systems & Materials OR

ARCST-268 Preservation Technology II: Modern Systems & Materials    

Any two of the following:

ARCST-266, ARCST-268, ARCST-428 LARCH-507, ARCST-341, ARCST-302, ARCST-324, PHOTO-436, ARCST-300

Landscape Architecture

These two minors—Landscape Design, which is for design majors (primarily for architecture or interior design majors), and Landscape Planning, which is for non-design majors (primarily for environmental and conservation biology or environmental sustainability majors)—introduce the student to the field of landscape architecture.

For the Landscape Design minor, the required courses cover the various areas—history/theory, technology, horticulture and design—that constitute an understanding of the discipline relative to design. 

For the Landscape Planning Minor, the required courses cover the various areas—technology, communication and history—that are needed for an understanding of the discipline relative to planning.

Landscape Design Minor

13-15 credits

One of the following plant/ecology courses (3 or 4 credits)


Local Flora (4 credits)



Landscape Ecology (3 credits)

One of the following history/theory courses (3 credits)


History of Landscape Architecture I or


History of Landscape Architecture II or


Landscape Architecture History III: Urban Landscape Design


LA Tech: Grading (3 cr)

One of the following Landscape Architecture design studios (4 or 6 credits):


LA Design III: Site Design (4 credits)


Design IV: Urban Design 1 (6 credits)


LA Design V: Community Design (6 credits)


LA Design VII: Interdisciplinary Design Studio (6 credits)

Landscape Planning Minor

12 credits


Technology I: Grading (3 credits)


LA History III: Urban Landscape Design (3 credits)

One of the following plant/ecology courses (3 or 4 credits)


Local Flora (4 credits) or


Landscape Ecology (3 credits)

One of the following courses (3 credits)


GIS for Landscape Analysis (3 credits) or 


Technology III: Hydrology (3 credits)

Law and Society Minor

12 credits

The Law and Society minor will contribute to students’ understanding of law from interdisciplinary perspectives (sociology, psychology, anthropology and political science). It will prepare students for professional careers in fields that rely on critical thinking and written and oral advocacy skills. The Law and Society minor will also provide a firm background in legal, political and social issues for students who are focusing on a broad array of other professional fields at Philadelphia University such as professional communications, pre-med, environmental sustainability, business, design, psychology, midwifery and physician assistance.

Choose four courses from the list below:


Introduction to Law and Society


Crime and Justice


American Government and the Legal System


Constitutional Law and the Supreme Court


Comparative Legal Systems


Philadelphia Law and Politics


International Law


Law and Ethics


Law Media and Society


Legal Research, Writing and Moot Court

Multimedia and Visualization Minor

12 credits

This minor introduces students to the conceptual and technical issues involved in creating and producing multimedia and visualization projects. Emphasis will focus on the application of digital technologies to enhance the design and presentation process.


Visualization: Experimental Modeling


Visualization: Advanced Modeling


Visualization: Multimedia


Digital Imaging and Photographic Manipulation

Photography Minor

12 credits

This minor provides a foundation in photographic techniques, processes, history and theory. Coursework focuses upon photography as a tool for the documentation, research and preservation of architecture as part of visual culture in its application to commercial, fashion, advertising and product design, and as a medium for self-expression.


Introduction to Photography: Black and White


Introduction to Photography: Digital


History of Photography

One of the following:

PHOTO-436 Historic Preservation Documentation: Photography, PHOTO-201, PHOTO-302, PHOTO-303

Visual Studies Minor

12 credits

The Visual Studies minor introduces students to the design process through the application of the fundamental principles of design and drawing. Students will develop skills including: a sensitivity to value and color, experimentation with a variety of media, process methodologies, and problem solving strategies. A general survey of the philosophy and utility of CAD systems may be accomplished.

One of the following Design Studios:
VSDES-101, ADFND-101, INDD-101, DSGNFND-103 or DSGNFND-423

One of the following Drawing Studios:
DRAW-101, VSDRAW-101 or ADFND-103

Any two of the following:
ADFND-102, ADFND-104, DSGNFND-203, CAD-201, CAD-204, CAD-206,
DRAW-201, DRAW-206, DRAW-303, or any course from a design major approved by the director of that program.

Pre-M.B.A. Minor for Non-Business Majors

18 credits

The Pre-M.B.A. minor for Non-Business majors provides students the opportunity to take two graduate-level business courses in their senior year, as well as other courses that position them to complete the M.B.A. in one year of full-time study following the completion of their bachelor’s degrees.
The Accounting (CPA) and Finance (CFA) M.B.A. options are typically limited to students with undergraduate degrees in accounting or finance. It is highly recommended that students interested in these fields consult with their academic advisors prior to enrolling in classes.
M.B.A. Program Director approval is required for graduate-level course registration.

The curriculum for non-business DEC students includes the following 18 credit hours of coursework:


Management Foundations (1.5 credits)

MKTG -104

Marketing Foundations (1.5 credits)


Foundations of Economic Analysis (3 credits)


Financial and Managerial Accounting (1.5 credits)


Financial Management (1.5 credits)


Statistical Analysis for Business Decisions (1.5 credits)


Operations Management (1.5 credits)


Competitive Technical Intelligence (3 credits)


Accounting for Management Decisions (3 credits)

*Students may take the undergraduate equivalent of these courses if needed to satisfy the minimum number of undergraduate credits (12 credits) required per semester to maintain federal financial aid eligibility.

Course numbers under 500 indicate that the course is an undergraduate business course. Course numbers beginning with “IMBF” indicate graduate master-level foundation courses, and course numbers beginning with “MBA” indicate graduate master-level courses.

Non-Business majors interested in the joint B.S./M.B.A. program should obtain a copy of the “Pre-M.B.A. Requirements for Non-Business Majors Planning Guide” from the Office of Graduate Studies in the College of Design Engineering and Commerce.

Psychology Minor

12 credits

All disciplines in the social sciences analyze human behavior on one level or another. Psychology’s uniqueness lies mainly in the fact that it is an experimental science. Students who minor in Psychology will study a body of knowledge about the causes of human and animal behavior and the experimental methods used to study behavior. Students completing this minor should be better able to understand their own behavior and the behavior of others in both work and leisure settings.


Introduction to Psychology (required)

Any three Psychology courses (chosen in consultation with a psychology faculty member).

Public Health Minor

12 credits

Public health may be an excellent minor for students in a variety of majors such as Environmental and Conservation Biology, Pre-medical Studies, Economics, Biology, Engineering and Environmental Sustainability. The requirements for a minor in public health are:


Introduction to Public Health


Introduction to Epidemiology


Environmental Issues


Public Health-Related Elective Course

Public Health Related Electives: PSYCH-222, PSYCH-224, PSYCH-243, SUST-120, DMM-643, HSCI 303. 

Other courses in the Environmental Sustainability major (i.e. SUST-400), Junior Seminar in Health Policy offered by the SBA JSINT-310, and new courses in development from the SSH (Introduction to Nutrition, Principles of Exercise, Global Health and Global Climate Change) would also be future options for electives.

Social Sciences Minor

12 credits

Hallmarks Core requirements plus four additional courses approved by the Hallmarks Academic Associate Dean. Please see the Office of the Hallmarks Academic Associate Dean for more information. 

Textile Materials Technology Minor

12-16 credits

The TMT minor offers students an introduction to the process flow of fibers through finished products. A sequence of four courses will give a student the opportunity to understand the interdisciplinary nature of textile materials in a wide variety of disciplines and their potential capabilities and limitations. 

Select one of the following:


Survey of the Textile Industry


Fiber and Yarn Studies

Select any three of the following:


Knit Technology I


Knit Technology II


Weave Technology I


Weave Technology II




Textile Materials or


Dyeing & Finishing or


Coloring and Finishing


Organic/Textile Chemistry

Architectural Design Technology Concentration

A concentration in Architectural Design Technology is one of three options available to students who are majoring in Architectural Studies. For more information, see College of Architecture and the Built Environment, Architectural Studies program description.

Historical Preservation Concentration

A concentration in Historical Preservation is one of three options available to students who are majoring in Architectural Studies. For more information see College of Architecture and the Built Environment, Architectural Studies program description.

Pre-Occupational Therapy Concentration

21 credits

Occupational therapy is a health care profession that helps people to maximize their functional independence after illness or injury. Occupational therapists (OTs) assist children with motor and learning needs to participate in school and everyday tasks. They help adults to develop strategies to manage the physical and emotional changes associated with long-term health needs. Therapy frequently involves assisting individuals to relearn old skills, develop new skills or adapt the environment to enable them to live more satisfying and independent lives.


Biology II lecture/lab


Developmental Psychology


Human Anatomy & Phys I lecture/lab


Human Anatomy & Phys II lecture/lab

Two additional Psychology courses.